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A1. The polar bear

present simple

illustration

POLAR BEAR CUB:  Mum, am I a real polar bear?
POLAR BEAR MOTHER:  Yes, dear, of course you are.
POLAR BEAR CUB:  Really?
POLAR BEAR MOTHER:  Yes, son. I’m a polar bear. Your dad’s a polar bear. Your grandparents are polar bears. Your sisters are polar bears. Your brothers are polar bears.
POLAR BEAR CUB:  I know that, mum. But am I a real polar bear?
POLAR BEAR MOTHER:  Of course you are. Be quiet and eat your fish.
POLAR BEAR CUB:  But I’m not a polar bear, I’m sure.
POLAR BEAR MOTHER:  Listen to me. You are a real polar bear. Why do you ask the same question again and again?
POLAR BEAR CUB:  Because I’m freezing!

Grammar: present simple

The verb to be is irregular. Look at the full forms and the contracted forms.

Positive
Contracted form
Negative
Contracted forms
I am
I'm
I am not
I'm not
You are
You're
You are not
You're not /  You aren't
She is
She's
She is not
She isn't / She's not
He is
He's
He is not
He isn't / He's not
It is
It's
It is not
It isn't / It's not
We are
We're
We are not
We aren't / We're not
They are
They're
They are not
They aren't / They're not

For short positive answers, don't use the contracted form.
Incorrect:
Yes, I’m.
Correct:
Yes, I am.
Incorrect:
Yes, they’re.
Correct:
Yes, they are.

Choose the correct form of the verb to be to complete these sentences.

1.    He am / is / are cold.
2.    She am / is / are his mother.
3.    Why am / is / are your feet cold?
4.    It’s the right answer, I ’s / ’m / ’re sure.
5.    Jack and Leo am / is / are my brothers.
6.    You am / is / are very quiet.

Match the questions with the short answers.

7. Is she your sister? A. Yes, they are.
8. Are your feet cold? B. No, I’m not.
9. Are you and Sally teachers? C. No, we aren’t.
10. Is this the same joke? D. Yes, she is.
11.  Am I in the right place? E. No, it isn’t.
12.  Are you American? F. Yes, you are.

Vocabulary exercises

Choose a word to make the opposite of these expressions.

quiet
cold
real
same

1. a different question the ________ question
2. warm feet ________ feet
3. a noisy child a ________ child
4. a toy bear a ________ bear

Choose the correct word to complete these sentences.

know
Listen
have
ask
be

5. Children ______ a lot of questions.
6. Sit down and ______ quiet!
7. I ______ got cold feet.
8. ______ to me!
9. Do you ______ the answer?

Are these words for men (M) or women (W)?

1.
son

M/W
2.
aunt

M/W
3.
grandfather

M/W
4.
brother

M/W
5.
daughter

M/W
6.
mother

M/W
7.
father

M/W
8.
sister

M/W
9.
uncle

M/W
10.
grandmother

M/W

ANSWERS