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B7. Pirate storyillustration

past continuous / past simple

An old pirate was sitting in the bar. He was smoking a pipe and drinking a glass of rum. He was wearing an eye patch and he had a parrot on his shoulder and a wooden leg. Instead of his right hand he had a metal hook. A young sailor was chatting with the pirate and he asked him about his adventures at sea.
     ‘So, how did you lose your leg?’, the young man asked the pirate.
     ‘Arrr! ,’ said the pirate, ‘You see, some sharks were circling the ship when I fell overboard. Luckily, my men pulled me back onto the ship before the sharks ate me completely, but one of the sharks got my leg.’
     ‘And how about the hook on your hand? How did you lose your hand?’
     ‘I was boarding a ship when another sailor cut off my hand with a sword.’
     ‘That’s amazing! What a life full of adventures!’ said the young man. ‘And how about your eye? How did you lose that?’
      ‘I was eating a grapefruit when the juice went into my eye.’
      ‘But I don’t understand. How did you lose your eye from the grapefruit juice?’
     ‘Arrr!’ said the pirate, ‘it was my first day with the new hook.’

Grammar: past continuous v. past simple

Use the past continuous to describe something in progress over a period of time in the past.
Use the past simple to talk about something completed in the past.

Graphic: grammar explanation

Choose the correct form to complete these sentences. Use the verbs in brackets.

1.   I ____________ TV when the phone ____________. [watch / ring]
2.   What ____ you _______ when you ____________ your leg? [do / hurt]
3.   We ____________ football when it ____________ to rain. [play / start]
4.   I ____________ a bath when you ____________. [have / call]
5.   She ____________ too many books when she ____________ over. [carry / fall]
6.   I ____________ in the library when David ____________ in. [work / walk]
7.   He ____________ his email when the computer ____________. [write / crash]
8.   ____ you _______ when I ____________ you last night? [sleep / phone]
9.   I ____________ for my shoes in the cupboard when I ____________ the money. [look / find]
10. Mark ____________ when he ____________ a noise in the night. [sleep / hear]

Vocabulary exercises

A. Match the broken expressions.

1.   to board...          2 .  to fall...          3.   to wear...          4.   to chat with...          5.   to eat...

A.   ...a friend          B.   ...a grapefruit          C.   ...overboard          D. eye patch          E.   ...a ship

B. What are these things used for?

1.   a hook          2.   a sword          3.   a pipe          4.   a patch          5.   a ship

A.  This is used to fight with, as a weapon
B.   This is used to smoke leaf tobacco
C.   This is sometimes used to catch fish
D.   This is used to travel across oceans
E.   This is used to cover an injured eye